COMMENT

COMMENT — 定义或者更改一个对象的注释

大纲

COMMENT ON
{
  ACCESS METHOD object_name |
  AGGREGATE aggregate_name ( aggregate_signature ) |
  CAST (source_type AS target_type) |
  COLLATION object_name |
  COLUMN relation_name.column_name |
  CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON table_name |
  CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON DOMAIN domain_name |
  CONVERSION object_name |
  DATABASE object_name |
  DOMAIN object_name |
  EXTENSION object_name |
  EVENT TRIGGER object_name |
  FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER object_name |
  FOREIGN TABLE object_name |
  FUNCTION function_name ( [ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [, ...] ] ) |
  INDEX object_name |
  LARGE OBJECT large_object_oid |
  MATERIALIZED VIEW object_name |
  OPERATOR operator_name (left_type, right_type) |
  OPERATOR CLASS object_name USING index_method |
  OPERATOR FAMILY object_name USING index_method |
  POLICY policy_name ON table_name |
  [ PROCEDURAL ] LANGUAGE object_name |
  ROLE object_name |
  RULE rule_name ON table_name |
  SCHEMA object_name |
  SEQUENCE object_name |
  SERVER object_name |
  TABLE object_name |
  TABLESPACE object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH PARSER object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE object_name |
  TRANSFORM FOR type_name LANGUAGE lang_name |
  TRIGGER trigger_name ON table_name |
  TYPE object_name |
  VIEW object_name
} IS 'text'
  ACCESS METHOD object_name |
  AGGREGATE aggregate_name ( aggregate_signature ) |
  CAST (source_type AS target_type) |
  COLLATION object_name |
  COLUMN relation_name.column_name |
  CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON table_name |
  CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON DOMAIN domain_name |
  CONVERSION object_name |
  DATABASE object_name |
  DOMAIN object_name |
  EXTENSION object_name |
  EVENT TRIGGER object_name |
  FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER object_name |
  FOREIGN TABLE object_name |
  FUNCTION function_name [ ( [ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [, ...] ] ) ] |
  INDEX object_name |
  LARGE OBJECT large_object_oid |
  MATERIALIZED VIEW object_name |
  OPERATOR operator_name (left_type, right_type) |
  OPERATOR CLASS object_name USING index_method |
  OPERATOR FAMILY object_name USING index_method |
  POLICY policy_name ON table_name |
  [ PROCEDURAL ] LANGUAGE object_name |
  PUBLICATION object_name |
  ROLE object_name |
  RULE rule_name ON table_name |
  SCHEMA object_name |
  SEQUENCE object_name |
  SERVER object_name |
  STATISTICS object_name |
  SUBSCRIPTION object_name |
  TABLE object_name |
  TABLESPACE object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH PARSER object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE object_name |
  TRANSFORM FOR type_name LANGUAGE lang_name |
  TRIGGER trigger_name ON table_name |
  TYPE object_name |
  VIEW object_name
} IS 'text'

其中 aggregate_signature 是:

* |
[ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ] |
[ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ] ] ORDER BY [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype [ , ... ]

描述

COMMENT存储关于一个数据库对象的注释。

对每一个对象只保存一个注释字符串,因此为了修改一段注释,对同一个对象 发出一个新的COMMENT命令。要移除一段注释,可在文 本字符串的位置上写上NULL。当对象被删除时,其注释 也会被自动删除。

对大部分类型的对象,只有对象的拥有者可以设置注释。角色没有拥有者,因此 COMMENT ON ROLE的规则是你必须作为一个超级用户来对一个 超级用户角色设置注释,或者具有CREATEROLE特权来对非超级用 户角色设置注释。同样的,访问方法也没有拥有者,你必须作为一个超级用户来 对一个访问方法设置注释。当然,一个超级用户可以对任何东西设置注释。

使用uxsql\d 命令家族可以查看注释。其他检索注释的用户接口可以构建在 uxsql使用的内建函数之上,即 obj_descriptioncol_description 以及shobj_description (见表?6.68)。

参数

object_name
relation_name.column_name
aggregate_name
constraint_name
function_name
operator_name
policy_name
rule_name
trigger_name

要被注释的对象的名称。表、聚集、排序方式、转换、域、外部表、函数、 索引、操作符、操作符类、操作符族、序列、统计信息、文本搜索对象、类型和视图 的名称可以被模式限定。在注释一列时, relation_name必须 引用一个表、视图、组合类型或者外部表。

table_name
domain_name

当在一个约束、触发器、规则或者策略上创建一段注释时,这些参数指定在其上定义 该对象的表或域的名称。

source_type

造型的源数据类型的名称。

target_type

造型的目标数据类型的名称。

argmode

一个函数或者聚集的参数的模式:INOUTINOUT或者VARIADIC。 如果被省略,默认值是IN。注意 COMMENT并不真正关心 OUT参数,因为决定函数的身份只需要输入参数。因此 列出ININOUTVARIADIC 参数就足够了。

argname

一个函数或者聚集参数的名称。注意 COMMENT并不真正关心参数名称, 因为决定函数的身份只需要参数数据类型。

argtype

一个函数或者聚集参数的数据类型。

large_object_oid

大对象的 OID。

left_type
right_type

操作符的参数的数据类型(可以是模式限定的)。对一个前缀后后缀操作符 的缺失参数可以写NONE

PROCEDURAL

这是一个噪声词。

type_name

该转换的数据类型的名称。

lang_name

该转换的语言的名称。

text

写成一个字符串的新注释。如果要删除注释,写成NULL

注解

当前对查看注释没有安全机制:任何连接到一个数据库的用户能够看到 该数据库中所有对象的注释。对于数据库、角色、表空间这类共享对象, 注释被全局存储,因此连接到集群中任何数据库的任何用户可以看到共 享对象的所有注释。因此,不要在注释中放置有安全性风险的信息。

示例

为表mytable附加一段注释:

COMMENT ON TABLE mytable IS 'This is my table.';

移除它:

COMMENT ON TABLE mytable IS NULL;

更多的一些例子:

COMMENT ON ACCESS METHOD rtree IS 'R-Tree access method';
COMMENT ON AGGREGATE my_aggregate (double precision) IS 'Computes sample variance';
COMMENT ON CAST (text AS int4) IS 'Allow casts from text to int4';
COMMENT ON COLLATION "fr_CA" IS 'Canadian French';
COMMENT ON COLUMN my_table.my_column IS 'Employee ID number';
COMMENT ON CONVERSION my_conv IS 'Conversion to UTF8';
COMMENT ON CONSTRAINT bar_col_cons ON bar IS 'Constrains column col';
COMMENT ON CONSTRAINT dom_col_constr ON DOMAIN dom IS 'Constrains col of domain';
COMMENT ON DATABASE my_database IS 'Development Database';
COMMENT ON DOMAIN my_domain IS 'Email Address Domain';
COMMENT ON EXTENSION hstore IS 'implements the hstore data type';
COMMENT ON FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER mywrapper IS 'my foreign data wrapper';
COMMENT ON FOREIGN TABLE my_foreign_table IS 'Employee Information in other database';
COMMENT ON FUNCTION my_function (timestamp) IS 'Returns Roman Numeral';
COMMENT ON INDEX my_index IS 'Enforces uniqueness on employee ID';
COMMENT ON LANGUAGE plpython IS 'Python support for stored procedures';
COMMENT ON LARGE OBJECT 346344 IS 'Planning document';
COMMENT ON MATERIALIZED VIEW my_matview IS 'Summary of order history';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR ^ (text, text) IS 'Performs intersection of two texts';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR - (NONE, integer) IS 'Unary minus';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR CLASS int4ops USING btree IS '4 byte integer operators for btrees';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR FAMILY integer_ops USING btree IS 'all integer operators for btrees';
COMMENT ON POLICY my_policy ON mytable IS 'Filter rows by users';
COMMENT ON ROLE my_role IS 'Administration group for finance tables';
COMMENT ON RULE my_rule ON my_table IS 'Logs updates of employee records';
COMMENT ON SCHEMA my_schema IS 'Departmental data';
COMMENT ON SEQUENCE my_sequence IS 'Used to generate primary keys';
COMMENT ON SERVER myserver IS 'my foreign server';
COMMENT ON STATISTICS my_statistics IS 'Improves planner row estimations';
COMMENT ON TABLE my_schema.my_table IS 'Employee Information';
COMMENT ON TABLESPACE my_tablespace IS 'Tablespace for indexes';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION my_config IS 'Special word filtering';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY swedish IS 'Snowball stemmer for Swedish language';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH PARSER my_parser IS 'Splits text into words';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE snowball IS 'Snowball stemmer';
COMMENT ON TRANSFORM FOR hstore LANGUAGE plpythonu IS 'Transform between hstore and Python dict';
COMMENT ON TRIGGER my_trigger ON my_table IS 'Used for RI';
COMMENT ON TYPE complex IS 'Complex number data type';
COMMENT ON VIEW my_view IS 'View of departmental costs';

兼容性

SQL 标准中没有COMMENT命令。

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图